Nutrition is the science that studies the relationship between diet (the food we eat) and health (how our bodies use food as fuel for growth and daily activities). The science of nutrition attempts to understand how and why specific dietary aspects influence our health.
Its all about the food
The first step toward a healthier lifestyle is to understand how our diet affects our health. Once we have this base, or foundation, we can then begin to find the proper balance in our diet to attain proper nutrition and the exercise needed to personally achieve proper physical health.
Deficiencies, excesses, and imbalances in diet can negatively impact health, which may lead to diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis and other debilitating maladies. Many common diseases and ailments can often be avoided or prevented with proper nutrition and exercise.
There are seven main types of nutrients that the human body requires in order to maintain proper health. Those major nutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water. It is important for all seven of these nutrients to be consumed on a daily basis in order to build and maintain health. Poor health is generally caused by imbalanced nutrition, either through excess or deficiency and a lack of exercise, which, in turn, negatively affects the entire body and all of its functions.
There are 10 main tips for healthy and balanced eating:
- Separate proteins from carbohydrate
- Eat carbohydrates for the first part of the day (until about 2pm) then continue with proteins for the second part of the day
- Choose more whole grains-brown bread, brown rice, whole grain pasta, musli or porridge instead of standard cereals (make sure they don’t contain sugar)
- Don’t eat later then 7pm.
- Don’t drink with meals, drink minimum 20 minutes before the meal or leave it at least for an hour and a half after eating to ensure your body digests the food.
- Make sure you chew your food properly, to control it better you can count the number of chews (should be around 30, dependent on the food).
- Never add sugar to your dish.
- Don’t eat fried food.
- Make sure you always eat some vegetables or fresh salad with your meal.
- Eat fresh seasonal fruit every day, the principals of eating fruit is as same as water intake, 20 minutes before or minimum 1.5h after.